Thursday, May 15, 2008

Why President Pervaiz Musharraf should stay as the president of Pakistan?

Eversince Pakistan came into existence many government officials came and passed by which also included some great leaders like"Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto"and"Liaquat Ali Khan".But most of them failed to change the infrastructure of Pakistan due to the fact that they never bought awareness in the people of this country.

Present President of Pakistan and Ex Chief of Army staff Pervaiz Musharraf noticed this thing and immediately started working on this critical point.The things Mr President has done in making infrastructure of Pakistan more beneficial as well as useful are as follows.

Efforts made by President Pervaiz Musharraf
in changing the infrastructure of Pakistan

1. Dubai Ports World announced on 1 June 2006 that it will spend $10 billion to develop real estate, infrastructure and transport in Pakistan.

2. Emaar Properties announced on 31st May 2006 three real estates developments in the cities of Islamabad and Karachi. The projects, with a total investment of $2.4 billion, will include developing commercial and residential property.

3. Emaar Properties also signed an unprecedented $43 billion deal to develop two Island resorts – Bundal Island and Buddo Island – over the decade.

4. International Petroleum Investment Co., owned by the government of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, has received approval from Pakistan’s government to build a $5 billion Oil refinery at Hub in Baluchistan. The refinery, which will be Pakistan’s biggest, will have the capacity to process 300,000 barrels of oil a day.

5. 2006: The government is all set to establish an ‘Oil city’ with an investment of $40 billion at Gwadar Port to make it the biggest crude and refined oil storage base in the region. The government has allotted 12,500 acres of land in Gwadar. The Chinese Petroleum Chamber would come up with $12.5 billion investment plan for the project.

6. Canadian Oil & Gas Company signed a $200 million project with Pakistan that would generate 50,000 direct jobs in Sindh. It will explore, develop, produce and commercialize Coal Bed Methane (CBM) in Pakistan up-to 70,000 barrels a day for about 20 years.

7. July 2006: The Government awarded three blocks in the country’s offshore Indus Delta to British Petroleum Pakistan. BP Pakistan (formerly known as Union Texas Pakistan) will explore gas blocks U, V and W, covering an area of 21,000 square km, for oil and gas reserves.

8. Dubai’s foreign investment in Pakistan’s capital markets recorded significant growth in 2006 and more than doubled to Dh1.278 billion ($351.5 million) by June 30th of this year. It stood at Dh554.9 million last year.

9.The credit of building the Chashma-2 goes to the Musharraf Government. PM Shaukat Aziz launched work on the billion dollars 325-megawatt plant in Chashma, which is the second to be built at the site with Chinese help. The cost of Chashma-2 is around Rs 51 billion, which also includes Rs20.1 billion foreign exchange component.

10. Sept 26: Am Power Company, a Kuwait-based company, intends to build 225MW combined cycle Power project located at the Sundar Industrial Estate at an estimated cost of $200 million.

11.In the much-awaited, but positive development, WAPDA has finalized a Chinese consortium, China Gezhouba (group) Co Ltd China and CMEC, China (CGGC-CMEC), for the construction of strategically the most important project: 969 MW Neelum-Jhelum Hydropower. Cost of Construction is above $1.8 billion.

12.French Renault is establishing a 40-million-euro assembling plant of Renault Logan cars in the country, with the production capacity of 15,000 automobiles per year. This project would attract 40 million euros’ investment and create 600 job opportunities.

13.The automobile industry in Pakistan has made remarkable progress during the last few years. Despite low indigenous base, it has attracted almost Rs100 billion investments. Rs 52 billion has come in direct manufacturing and Rs 35 billon in ancillary industry.

Pakistan Suzuki, a leading automobile company, has achieved exports worth $957 million during the last financial year 2005-06, which has been considered by the government as an encouraging sign.

14.A Manchester (UK) firm called Drillcorer has just moved production of its drills to Pakistan. The result is that it can now sell them for £15,000 rather than the £65,000 it would have had to charge if they were produced in Britain.

15. Brunei government is financing the US$2.6 million training “Institute for Pakistan Foreign Service”. Under construction.

16. Pakistan ranked first among all developing world recipients in the value of Arms transfer agreements in 2006, concluding $5.1 billion in such agreements.

17.Standard Chartered Bank of Pakistan (SCBP) has made a mega investment of Rs 30 billion to grow in a significant way in Pakistan.

18.Capital Investment Overseas, an Abu Dhabi based company, will build a five-star hotel in Lahore, with an estimated investment of Rs20 billion (Dh1.25 billion). The construction of the 602 room hotel will be completed by the year 2011.

19.The Pakistan economy is among the fastest growing economies in the world, having reached the size of $160 billion from a mere $70 billion in 1999. Furthermore, Pakistan attracted a record investment of $6 billion last year.

20.Public sector development program (PSDP) has grown from Rs 80 billion in 1999 to Rs 520 billion in 2007.

21.The rate of growth in Pakistan’s Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) is at a 30-year high. Construction activity is at a 17-year high.

22.The Infrastructure Industries Index, which measures the performance of seven industries (i.e., Electricity generation, Natural gas, Crude oil, Petroleum products, Basic metal, Cement and coal) has recorded a 26.2 percent growth in the Industrial sector of Pakistan.

23.According to an IMF report, Pakistan is 3rd in Banking profitability in the world. On the IMF chart, Pakistan’s banking profitability is on third position after Colombia and Venezuela. On the same IMF chart, India is on the 36th position and China is on the 40th position.

24.According to the Economic Survey 2005, poverty in Pakistan in 2001 was 34.46%. And now, after 7-8 years of Musharraf, poverty in 2005 was 23.9%. Thus, poverty DECREASED by 10.56%. Overall, 12 million people have been pushed out of Poverty in 2001 - 2005!

25.The Government has approved to give at least 4% of GDP to Education in the 2007 budget.

26. In 1999-2000 there were 31 Public Universities. Now 2005-2006 there are 49 Public Universities.

Air University (established 2002); Institute of Space technology, ISB (established 2002); Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta (established 2004); University of Science & Technology, Bannu (established 2005); University of Hazara (founded 2002); Malakand university, Chakdara (established 2002); Karakurum International university, Gilgit (established 2002); University of Gujrat (established 2004); Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore (established 2002); Sarhad University of IT, Peshawar (established 2001); etc.

27.Defense Exports of Pakistan have crossed the $200 million mark as the country’s robust Defense manufacturing industry continues to expand. This was disclosed by Major General Syed Absar Hussain, Director General, Defense Export Promotion Organization (“International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS) 2006″ held at karachi.).

28.President Musharraf inaugurated an 18 Mega Watt Naltar hydro power project, of over Rs. 1.36 billion. The project was completed in four years at Naltar near Gilgit.

29.The Private Power Infrastructure Board (PPIB) has approved expansion of Tarbela dam power project which would generate 960 MW costing $500 million.

30. President Musharraf said that many canals, including the Thal and Raini canals, were being constructed for better utilization of the available water. He said Rs66 billion was being spent on the brick-lining of 87,000 canals in the country, adding that 6,000 new canals would be brick-lined next year.

31.Around 80,000 jobs have been created by the Telecom sector alone.

32.Major Mega projects like the Saindak, Rekodiq, Marble production, Coal production and Mining & Quarrying are being pursued.

33.Karachi stock market: rose from 700 points to 13,000 points.

34.Literacy rate has improved by 11%.

35.GWADAR advance mega Sea port developed under Musharraf’s vision.

36.Newly found World class copper- gold deposits in Chagai will fetch around $600 million per year.

37.Industrial sector registered 26% growth.

38.Six major highways under construction.

39.Pakistan software now values around $2 billion, including $1 billion exports.

40. Pakistan Steel Mills Corporation (PSMC) during the quarter July-Sept 2007 recorded the highest ever-sales figure of Rs 9.3012 billion.

These are not all but are the known ones.Hence this thing is clear that Pervaiz musharraf has contributed to Pakistan alot and we should be thankful to him for being sincere and loyal to his country.Long live Mr.President.

Pakistan Zindabad!!!

Tuesday, May 13, 2008

Beautiful culture of Pakistan

The society of Pakistan (Urdu: ثقافت پاکستان) comprises numerous diverse cultures from the Punjabis and Sindhis in the east to the tribal cultures of the easternmost of Pakistan's provinces. The cultures have been greatly influenced by the surrounding cultures of India, Central Asia and the Middle East along with other places. Pakistan in ancient times was a major cultural hub, the home of ancient civilizations, including the Indus Valley Civilization, the foundation of Indian culture. Many cultural practices and monuments have been inherited from the rule of many rulers of the region that have added their cultural traditions to the region. One of the most influenced cultures being the Mughals.

Pakistan has a wealthy cultural and ethnic background going back to Indus Valley Civilization, 2800 BC – 1800 BC. The region of Pakistan has been invaded in the past, occupied and settled by many different people, including Aryans, Greeks, White Huns, Arabs, Turks, Mongols and various Eurasian groups. And indeed the region has formed a distinct cultural unit within the main cultural complex of South Asia from earlier times.

Pakistani society is largely multilingual and multicultural. Though cultures within the country differ to some extent, more similarities than differences can be found as most Pakistanis are of mainly Aryan heritage. However, over 60 years of integration, a distinctive "Pakistani" culture has sprung up especially in the urban areas.Education is highly regarded by members of every socio-economic stratum. The traditional family values are highly respected and considered sacred, although urban families have grown into a nuclear family system, owing to the socio-economic constraints imposed by the traditional joint family system.


Pakistani literature, that is, the literature of Pakistan, as a distinct lite gained its nationhood as a sovereign state in 1947. The common and shared tradition of Urdu literature and English literature of South Asia was inherited by the new state. Over a period of time, a body of literature unique to Pakistan has emerged in nearly all major Pakistani languages, including Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pushto and Sindhi.


The Urdu language has an old tradition of poetry and includes famous poets as Mirza Ghaliband Allama Iqbal are famous Urdu Poet in Pakistan. Apart from Urdu poetry Pakistani poetry also has many blends of other languages. Arabic Poetry, Balochi Poetry, Persian poetry, English poetry, Punjabi poetry and Kashmiri poetry have all incorporated and have influenced the different kinds of poetry. Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Ahmed Ndeem Qasimi, Hafeez Jalindhari, Sofi Tabasum, and many other names are in list as national poet as they innovated the nationalistic thought. Similarly Iqbal proved to be a true Muslim nationalist poet as a Muslim country Pakistan include Iqbal in national poet list.

2.Performing Arts

1. Music

Pakistani music is represented by a wide variety of forms. It ranges from traditional styles (such as Qawwali) to more modern forms that try to fuse traditional Pakistani music with western music. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan was internationally renowned for creating a form of music which synchronized Qawwali with western music. Popular forms of music also prevail, the most notable being Film music and Urdu and Punjabi Pop music. In addition to this are the diverse traditions of folk music, as well as modern styles such as Rock with bands such as Junoon becoming recognized internationally.Pakistan is also famous for its pop music many bands such as Vitalsigns,Strings and singers like Ahmed Jahanzeb,Shezad Roy,Ali Haider are worth being mentioned.

2. Drama and Theater

These are very similar to stage plays in theatres. They are performed by many well-known actors and actresses in the Lollywood industry. There are many types of themes that are brought across with lots of humour. The themes that are bought across ranges from a huge range of events that taken place in ones life. Ahmed Latif is a leading actor in a recent film 'Mein MCD ka dewana' and is said to become prime minister. Other famous actors set to feature in the film include Zain Ali and Omar Chaudhry.

3.Visual Arts


Pakistan has made alot of name in painting by producing great artist like Gulgee who has taken the name of Pakistan to immeasurable heights.


The architecture of the areas now constituting Pakistan can be designated to four distinct periods — pre-Islamic, Islamic, colonial and post-colonial. With the beginning of the Indus civilization around the middle of the 3rd millennium B.C., an advanced urban culture developed for the first time in the region, with large structural facilities, some of which survive to this day.Mohenjo Daro, Harappa and Kot Diji belong to the pre-Islamic era settlements. The rise of Buddhism and the Persian and Greek influence led to the development of the Greco-Buddhist style, starting from the 1st century CE. The high point of this era was reached with the culmination of the Gandhara style. An example of Buddhist architecture is the ruins of the Buddhist monastery Takht-i-Bahi in the northwest province. The arrival of Islam in today's Pakistan meant a sudden end of Buddhist architecture. However, a smooth transition to predominantly pictureless Islamic architecture occurred. The most important of the few completely discovered buildings of Persian style is the tomb of the Shah Rukn-i-Alam in Multan. During the Mughal era design elements of Islamic-Persian architecture were fused with and often produced playful forms of the Hindustani art. Lahore, occasional residence of Mughal rulers, exhibits a multiplicity of important buildings from the empire, among them the Badshahi mosque, the fortress of Lahore with the famous Alamgiri Gate, the colourful, still strongly Persian seeming Wazir Khan Mosque as well as numerous other mosques and mausoleums. Also the Shahjahan Mosque of Thatta in Sindh originates from the epoch of the Mughals. In the British colonial age predominantly representative buildings of the Indo-European style developed, from a mixture of European and Indian-Islamic components. Post-colonial national identity is expressed in modern structures like the Faisal Mosque, the Minar-e-Pakistan and the Mazar-e-Quaid.

3.Recreation And Sports

The official and national sport of Pakistan is field hockey, although squash and cricket are also very popular. The national cricket team has won the Cricket World Cup once (in 1992), were runners-up once (in 1999) and co-hosted the games twice (in 1987 and 1996). The team has also won the Australasia Cup in 1986, 1990, and 1994. The country will also be hosting the 2011 Cricket World Cup with India and Bangladesh.
At an international level, Pakistan has competed many times at the
Summer Olympics in field hockey, boxing, athletics, swimming, and shooting. Hockey is the sport that Pakistan has been most successful at the Olympics, with three gold medals (1960, 1968, 1984). Pakistan has also won the Hockey World Cup four times (1971, 1978, 1982, 1994). Pakistan has hosted several international competitions, including the SAFG in 1989 and 2004.
A1 Grand Prix racing is also becoming popular with the entry of a Pakistani team in the 2005 season. The Tour de Pakistan, modelled on the Tour de France, is an annual cycling competition that covers the length and breadth of Pakistan. Recently, football has grown in popularity across the country, where traditionally it had been played almost exclusively in the western province of Balochistan. Fifa has recently teamed up with the government to bring football more closer to the northern areas too. Also, it is hoped that Pakistan will fare better in the Football World Cup qualifiers for 2010.



The holiest month of the Islamic Calendar. It is widely observed in Pakistan during which muslim Pakistanis (consisting around 97% of population) fast, attend mosques with increased frequency and recite Quran. Special foods are cooked in greater quantities, parties are held and special accommodation is made by workplaces and educational institutes.

2.Chand Raat

After an Islamic month of fasting, Ramadan, just the night before Eid comes, everyone gets ready for Eid. In the night known as Chand Raat, girls put henna on their hands. Most people have parties at their house. People go out for the last minute shopping for gifts and sweets that will be given to friends and families. Even outside at the malls and the plazas, there are many colourful lights. There are large crowds in the city center to celebrate the beginning of Eid.

3.Eid Celebrations

The two Eids, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha commemorate the passing of the month of fasting, Ramadan, and the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ishmael for God. During these days there are national holidays and many festivals and events take place to celebrate Eid. As Pakistan is a Muslim state, there are three days off for all businesses and Government offices.
On the night before Eid, people search for the
new moon to mark the end of Ramadan and arrival of Eid ul-Fitr. The day starts with morning prayers, then returning home for a large breakfast with family members. The day is spent visiting relatives and friends and sharing gifts and sweets with everyone. During the evening people hit the town for some partying, going to restaurants or relaxing in city parks.
On Eid ul-Fitr, money is given for
charity and as gifts to young children.

4.Milaad Ul Nabi

Milaad un Nabi is a known religious festival which is celebrated in many parts of Pakistan. The Milaad is the celebration for the birthday of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad(PBUH).

5.Muharram Ul Haram

In Pakistan, the first ten days of Muharram are observed officially. The 10th of Muharram is celebrated in the memory of Hazrat Imam Hussain(A.S), the grandson of Prophet Muhammad(PBUH), who was martyred, along with 72 family members, friends and followers during the Battle of Karbala. It is celebrated by all the muslims in Pakistan.


Jashn-e-Baharan also referred to as Basant is a pre-Islamic Punjabi festival that marks the coming of spring. Celebrations in Pakistan are centered in Lahore and people from all over the country and abroad come to the city for the annual festivities. Kite flying competitions take place all over the city's rooftops during Basant. The fertile province of Punjab was intimately tied via its agriculture to the different seasons of the year. The arrival of Spring was an important event for all farmers and was welcomed with a celebration, hence the origins of Jashn (celebration) Baharan (spring).


This festival is like Nowruz of Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia. In Northern Pakistan (Chitral, Gilgit and Baltistan) Nowruz is celebrated as a socio-religious festival. It is also celebrated with much fervour in Balochistan. The day coincides with the Spring Equinox on March 21, but the celebration continues for weeks. In Baltistan, the main feature of Nowruz is gifting of coloured eggs to friends and polo matches. While in Balochistan, the festival is marked with outdoor feasts, and the traditional jumping over a fire to wash away sins and usher in a fresh start. The origins of this festival are pre-Islamic and date back to when Pakistan was part of the Achaemenid/Persian empire for several thousand years.

8.Independence day

On August 14, the people of Pakistan celebrate the day Pakistan gained its independence from the British Raj for an independent state for Muslims. There are many celebrations all over the country, the streets are full of joyful people singing and dancing. Concerts are held with many pop and classical singers. Parades are held in the capital city (Islamabad). Many people decorate their houses and fly the flag of Pakistan. At night, fireworks are used in many cities. Many people pray for the country and think how proud they are to be Pakistanis.

9.Defence Day of Parade

6th September is another patriotic day, when the Army of Pakistan is put on display for the general public to show Pakistan arms. All Government officials attend the ceremony and medals and recognitions are awarded to special people for their work. In March of 2007, Pakistan Air Force (PAF) put on display the new joint manufactured Chinese-Pakistani aircraft called the JF-17 Thunder.The main reason for celebrating this is due to the fact that Pakistan thrashed India in a war which took place just after 18 years of independence.

5.Popular Media

Traditionally, the government-owned Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV) has been the dominant media player in Pakistan. The PTV channels are controlled by the government and oppositional views are not given much time. However, past decade has seen emergence of several private TV channels (news, entertainment) such as GEO TV, AAJ TV, ARY Digital, Indus Vision, HUM, MTV Pakistan and others. Traditionally the bulk of TV shows have been plays or soap operas, some of them critically acclaimed. Various American, European, Asian TV channels and movies are available to a majority of the population via Cable TV.
Television accounted for almost half of the advertising expenditure in Pakistan in 2002(under Musharraf's reign).

2. Radio
After independence, Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (PBC) was the sole radio channel in Pakistan during 1947. The Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation was formed on 14th August 1947 when Pakistan became independent. It was a direct descendant of the Indian Broadcasting Company which later became All India Radio. At independence Pakistan possessed three radio stations at Dhaka, Lahore and Peshawar. A major programme of expansion saw new stations opened at Karachi and Rawalpindi in 1948, and a new broadcasting house at Karachi in 1950. This was followed by new radio stations at Hyderabad (1951), Quetta (1956), a second station at Rawalpindi (1960) and a receiving centre at Peshawar (1960). During the 1980s and 1990s the corporation expanded its network to many cities and towns of Pakistan to provide greater service to the local people. Today, there are over a hundred radio stations due to more liberal media regulations.

6.National Dress
The national dress of Pakistan is shalwar kameez for both men and women. It consists of a large, loose fitting tunic with very baggy trousers. Men's version consists of solid, masculine colours and is almost always accompanied by collar and buttons (similar to polo shirt). Women's version almost never contains collar and buttons but is often embroided upon and consists of feminine colors and may contains patterns such as lace pattern and flower pattern.
For the summers, a cotton version is often worn while during winters, a heavier, wool version is often used.
Sherwani or Achkan with Karakuli hat is the recommended dress for male government employees and officials, as it is not specifically associated with any of the provinces. Most male government officials wear the formal black sherwani on state occasions.

Increasing globalization has amplified the influence of "Western culture" in Pakistan. Pakistan ranks 46th in the world on the Kearney/FP Globalization index.[6] Many Western restaurant chains have established their franchises in major cities and towns in Pakistan.
A large
Pakistani diaspora exists in the West. Whereas Pakistanis in the United States, Canada and Australia tend to be professionals, the majority of them in the United Kingdom, Germany and the Scandinavia originally came from a rural background belonging to the working class. A large number of Pakistani expatriates are also living in the Middle East. These emigrants and their children influence Pakistan culturally and economically, keeping close ties with their roots by travelling to Pakistan and especially by returning or investing there.

8.Mercantile Culture
Pakistan's service sector accounts for 53% of the country's GDP. Wholesale and retail trade is 30% of this sector. Shopping is a popular pastime for many Pakistanis, especially among the well-to-do and the thirty-million strong middle class. The cities of Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Islamabad, Faisalabad and Quetta are especially known for the great contrast in shopping experiences - from burgeoning bazaars to modern multi-story shopping malls. In particular, Lahore and Karachi are peppered with colourful shopping plazas.
Over 1,081 patent applications were filed by non-resident Pakistanis in 2004 revealing a new found confidence.

Pakistani culture has made its influence through out the world because of its mughal and South Asian nature and it is also making a great impact on the countries which consider them as the most stabilized countries in the world.